海杰:个展的历史化困境
发起人:点蚊香  回复数:1   浏览数:239   最后更新:2017/04/07 11:11:44 by guest
[楼主] 点蚊香 2017-03-07 09:55:18

来源:海杰视界观



这篇短文,源于我最近在一个微信公众平台读到的一篇文章,作者名为João Ribas,他在这篇名为《笔记:个展的历史》文章链接点击http://www.art-ba-ba.com/main/main.art?threadId=95059&forumId=8的文章里,花了一些笔墨,最终似乎要为“策展过度”情形下的个展历史化问题辩驳。该文论述清晰,且看起来有实践基础,我同意他的大部分观点。


João Ribas把个展视为一种“策展过渡”环境下的“救赎方式”,因为其“纯粹”,他说的这种纯粹是建立在以艺术家为中心的话语机制里,从而将策展这一环节视为不纯粹的导火索。在文章一开始,作者就个展“作为货币存在”这一关乎销售和流通领域的话题进行论述,他的主要笔触还是试图讨论个展作为一种历史实践的部分缺席,或者说在历史书写里,它显得不够抢眼,“没有充分历史化”。


站在艺术家的立场,个展的确有如此遭遇,一方面,是忙碌的策展人在竞技般的策展活动中阻击(策展人在群展里玩嗨了,他们在群展里更加自由)了他们的大好前程与历史位置;另一方面,个展没有释放出足够强大的学术性和多样性交织的话语。所以,被回头讨论和梳理的可能性相对较小。但是,反过来说,个展所独占的风骚(货币、艺术家知名度、作品流通),其实在现场已经被过度释放。个展的历史在现场已书写完成。


个展是独立完整的块状物,是没有缝隙的雪球。对艺术家来说,个展是塑造,是流通和回收,是核心,是吸纳的独舞,在这里,策展人也被吸附于其上。João Riba将个展看作是“救赎”的方式,这事实上不是在说历史化的议题,而是以历史化这个个展所不擅长的属性为切入点来谈艺术家和策展人的权力分割。我们很少会把个展看成一次学术的聚会,而更多是一个人的发布会。即便个展也在空间上有所区别和努力,比如在画廊和在美术馆,个展具有不同的态度和语境,但依然不能改变它的本质属性——一种好客原则。


而群展是话语,或者,它是冲着话语去的,是网络编织的个展交替的集群,因此,它是协作,展示共性和缝隙,暴露对于个展来说不那么核心的触须、习气,或者有意无意携带的社交性信息和符号。这些信息和符号被强化,用于交流。所以,群展是作品的交际,它是开源代码。艺术家吸附于策展人所组织的话语框架。在群展中,以往个展所展示的核心未必会被唤醒,甚至,在这里,没有核心的概念。群展更具社会学的事件属性,因此,也更具历史的热度。这也拜话语本身的历史性所赐。


这也让我们有必要提及托马斯-E-克劳(Thomas E.Crow)对于观众和公众的区分和界定。“公众把观众带入一种更积极的共识群体”(《西方艺术史观念》p61),公众对于群展具有比个展更为主动和开阔的干预欲望和空间。这不意味着公众没有干预个展的可能性,而是说,个展携带着一副主人在客厅里的谦和面孔。克劳认为,“当公众达到一定数量之时,它可以成为一个非常重要的‘艺术史家’”。所以,作为历史的可能性不仅仅在于策展人或批评家的手里,还在于观众的手里。而个展正是由于它的谦和面孔,导致它本身可以施展的历史性线头隐匿,争辩也会客客气气,左顾右盼。


在群展里,观众和展览会构成一个分散而又交织,灵活且有多个进入通道的“共和”身份。当然,我们不能因为个展在历史化上的欠缺和不公待遇而否定个展之于艺术家个体的功能,我们之所以这样说,只是因为群展更具社会性。


而追求历史化,也无非是一种知识权力的吁求。过度强调历史化,就是试图将时间物化,变得处处可见。

[沙发:1楼] guest 2017-04-07 11:11:44
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