“森林城市”:以一个激进的计划拯救中国环境污染
发起人:脑回路  回复数:1   浏览数:446   最后更新:2017/04/07 11:00:13 by guest
[楼主] 脑回路 2017-03-10 22:37:42

来源:凤凰艺术


“垂直森林

“垂直森林”是由意大利建筑师Stefano Boeri提出的建筑概念,企图通过建造覆盖绿植的气候大厦来改善城市环境,并且在意大利米兰首次得以实现,即将落户中国东部。以下为“凤凰艺术”为您带来的编译报道。

▲ Stefano Boeri


Stefano Boeri想象未来的中国城市被绿色环绕,办公街区、住宅区和酒店被灌木和植物从头到脚地武装起来;但现实是,人口密集的大型城市仍在有毒的烟雾里苟延残喘。

▲ 位于米兰的垂直森林


上周,意大利建筑师,他因在米兰建造Bosco Vertical(垂直森林)­——被树藤覆盖的摩天大楼而为全球熟知,宣布他的同类型的新项目在中国东部城市南京开展。





▲ 建筑师Boeri将在瑞士洛桑的“垂直森林”项目


这是Boeri第一次在亚洲中国开展同等的项目,在两座相邻的塔的表面覆盖23种树木和至少2500棵灌木。据称,这个结构将包括住宅和办公室,一座有247个房间的高级酒店,一座博物馆和一座绿色结构的学校,现在这个项目在进行中,明年将完工。

▲ 南京绿塔,这是亚洲第一个垂直森林


这是Boeri所进行一个巨大的中国项目:在一个全国笼罩着雾霾的国家,建造一座完整的“森林城市”。


“我们设计一个完整的城市,在这里不仅有一栋高楼而是有100或200栋不同大小的建筑,所有建筑的表面都覆盖有树木和绿色植物,”Boeri告诉卫报,“我们非常用心地设计不同的建筑,我认为他们将在今年年底开始建造。直到2020年我们可以想象中国将有第一座森林城市。”

▲ 建筑学家对柳州森林城市的构想


Boeri描述他所提出的“垂直森林”建筑概念就像是皮肤移植,是一个城市污染在全中国蔓延情况下,能作为一个小角落,给人带来新生活的典型。他的米兰经历证明这类建筑将每年吸收南京空气中25吨的二氧化碳,并每天产生60千克的氧气。


“有意义的是,如此大量的绿植、树木和灌木将集中清理空气,将二氧化碳转换为氧气,”这位建筑学家说,“更重要的是,这些绿植也是过滤城市交通污染的有力武器。”

▲ 建筑学家对柳州绿色城市的构想


Boeri说,尽管如此,仍需要消耗两座气候大厦才能解决中国污染危机。


“在巨大的城市环境中(比如南京),只用两座大厦来改善污染,还是太少了,但这是一个榜样。我们希望这种绿色建筑模型能够被广泛复制。”


如果南京项目是皮肤移植,Boeri为“森林城市”设计的蓝图更像器官移植。这位米兰出生的建筑师说,他的想法可以创造一系列的迷你城市,为将来的中国城市提供绿色地图。


▲ 位于米兰的垂直森林


而这个项目的第一次实行将落户于柳州,一座坐落在中国广西南部,拥有150万常住居民的中型山地城市。更无法想象的是,第二次实行试图落户石家庄附近,这里是中国北方的工业中心,在中国十大最受污染的城市榜上名列前茅。


与垂直森林相比,这些蓝图被认为是“改善中国城市环境的严肃课题”的代表,Boeri如是说。


Boeri,这位60高龄的建筑学家在1979年第一次来中国。五年前他在上海开了一个工作室,在同济大学他还开展了一个有关城市的课题。

▲ 垂直森林蓝图


这位建筑师说,相信中国官方将最终明白人们需要的是一个新的、可持续的城市模型而不是“巨型城市”,但事实证明只有十万的人甚至更少,能完全理解“绿色建筑”。


“当他们直到如今仍在城市里简单地堆砌不重要的环境因素,”他说,“他们已经创造了一个噩梦——巨大的都市环境。他们必须相信一个新兴城市模型不仅是大的、高的而是一个小的、绿色的城市系统。”

▲ 垂直森林建造结构图


Boeri在他的灌木建筑后简单地描述了他这个想法:“只有自然是不可战胜的,这个想法是用建筑来改变不同季节的颜色。这些绿植和树木在生长,并且他们一直在改变世界。”


“我们认为——或者说我们希望——这个垂直森林的想法可以被复制到任何角落。如果人们愿意复制,我没有任何意见。我希望我们所做的能对其他任何类型的经验都有效。”


(部分图文来源于英国卫报及网络)

[沙发:1楼] guest 2017-04-07 11:00:13
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